The Intermediate Bodybuilding Program

This is a sample bodybuilding program from The Muscle and Strength Training Pyramid book. The explanation section in the book is fairly detailed, so I have cut it down to give just the overview, relevant notation and exercise selection explanations. It is my goal that this, the Intermediate Powerlifting Program, and the Detailed Guide to Training Progression articles bring the site up to speed with the level of training programming that I typically find myself using with coaching clients nowadays. I hope you find them useful.

The Intermediate Bodybuilding Program Overview 

The Intermediate Bodybuilding Program builds on the novice program by increasing volume globally. Additionally, the progression is changed to be more suitable to an intermediate level lifter and follows a linear-periodized, wave-loading pattern in the same manner as the Intermediate Powerlifting Program.

The framework is similar to that of the Novice Bodybuilding Program in that the week starts off with strength focused training on Day 1 and 2 in a lower and upper body format. However, for the rest of the week, muscle groups are organized in a three-day split. Lower body, push, and pull are performed in that order, after the upper and lower body training sessions on Day 1 and 2. Thus, this is a five-day program; however the frequency per body part remains at two times per week like the novice program. The change from four days of training in the novice program to five days in the intermediate program allows for more volume to be performed per muscle group, while also spreading the additional workload over more days in the week to allow for recovery.

Roughly 2/3rds of the volume in the Intermediate Bodybuilding Program is accumulated using moderate loads in the moderate repetition ranges, while the remaining volume is accumulated using heavier loads paired with lower rep ranges and lighter loads paired with higher rep ranges.

The breakdown for the Intermediate Bodybuilding Program is summarized in the table below. The left side shows the average reps per week for each muscle group. The right side shows the how much of the total training volume is from sets performed in the 6-12 rep range vs. other rep ranges.

Intermediate Progression

RPE Based On RIR Is Primarily Used To Set Load

Now with some weight training experience under your belt, RPE based on RIR can be more accurately used; you should be able to tell with reasonable accuracy how many reps you have in the tank. For this reason, load progression will be based more on RIR than it is %1RM, so I have stripped out of the article version for simplicity.

RPE Number Meaning
10 Could not do more reps or load without form failure
9.5 Could not do more reps, could do slightly more load
9 Could do 1 more rep
8.5 Could definitely do 1 more reps, chance at 2
8 Could do 2 more reps
7.5 Could definitely do 2 more reps, chance at 3
7 Could do 3 more reps
5-6 Could do 4-6 more reps
1-4 Very light to light effort

If you would like to learn more Eric and I have put together a free email course which you can sign up for in the box at the end.

Progression Rules

Primarily you will be following the intermediate, “Wave Loading Progression” model for all lifts except for the isolation exercises, where you will use the “Double Progression” model and deload it as outlined every fourth week along with the other lifts. Intensity will go up over the course of a four-week cycle, while volume will come down. Like the novice program, each day of each week is progressed independently, meaning, you will not compare Day 1 to Day 2 or Day 2 to Day 3, but each exercise progression continues from the same day the previous week.

I’ve published a detailed set of progression rules for you here and that is where you will find both the Wave Loading Progression and Double Progression models explained fully.

You have a choice over the exercises you can use; click these to see your options at a glance→1. I’ve included links to tutorials on the exercises where I thought this might be particularly useful.

Intermediate Bodybuilding Sample Program

Day 1 – Lower Body
Exercise Sets Reps Rep Total RPE
Squat Variant 2 3 3 to 5 12 8 to 9
Deadlift Variant 3 3 3 to 5 12 8 to 9
Single Leg Variant 4 3 5 to 7 18 6 to 7
Leg Extension  3 6 to 8 21 7 to 8
Standing Calf Raises 5 4 6 to 8  28 7 to 8
Day 2 – Upper Body
Exercise Sets Reps Rep Total RPE
Horizontal Push 6 5 3 to 5 20 8 to 9
Horizontal Pull 7 4 4 to 6 20 8 to 9
Vertical Push 8 4 5 to 7 24 7 to 8
Vertical Pull 9  3 6 to 8 21 7 to 8
Triceps 10 3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Biceps  3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Day 3 – Lower Body
Exercise Sets Reps Rep Total RPE
Hip Hinge Variant 11 3 6 to 8 21 7 to 8
Leg Press Variant 12 3 6 to 8 21 7 to 8
Single Leg Variant 13 3 8 to 12 30 6 to 7
Leg Extension 3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Leg Curl 3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Seated Calf Raises 14 4  12 to 15 54 7 to 8
Day 4 – Push
Exercise Sets Reps Rep Total RPE
Vertical Push 15 3 6 to 8 21  7 to 8
Horizontal Push 16 3 6 to 8 21 7 to 8
Dips 3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Triceps 2 12 to 15 27 7 to 8
Flys 3 12 to 15 40.5 7 to 8
Day 5 – Pull
Exercise Sets Reps Rep Total RPE
Horizontal Pull 3 6 to 8 21 8 to 9
Vertical Pull 3 6 to 8 21 8 to 9
Weighted Back Extensions 3 8 to 12 30 7 to 8
Biceps  2 12 to 15 27 7 to 8
Face Pull 2 12 to 15 27 7 to 8

For convenience, I made this to save to your phone:

For more useful graphics check out my Instagram.

 Exercise Selection Guidelines

Vertical & Horizontal Pulls

Choose whichever movements you enjoy, that you can feel the target muscles working during, and that you have access to.

For the horizontal row, choose an exercise that doesn’t fatigue your lumbar. I would advise a cable, single arm dumbbell, chest supported dumbbell, seal/bench, or machine row.

For vertical pulls feel free to select what you would like, however, if you do choose to do chin ups or pull ups, make sure you can perform it at the appropriate RPE and rep range

Vertical & Horizontal Pushes

Vertical and horizontal pushes simply refer to pressing work in the vertical and horizontal planes. For example, an overhead press and a chest press, respectively.

For horizontal pressing, you can use a decline or incline press, just don’t use a very severe angle in either direction. For vertical pressing, feel free to do either standing or seated presses.

Squat Variants

When given the choice of performing a squat variant, any variation of a barbell free weight squat can be performed. This could be a high-bar, low-bar, front, or even Zercher or safety-bar barbell squats.

Select the variant that is pain-free, a low injury risk, one that you enjoy, that you are confident that you can master, and that suits your biomechanics.

If an injury prevents you from performing a barbell based squat of any type, a leg press variant can be used in the place of a squat variant.

Leg Press Variants

Leg press variants include any form of hack squat or leg press machine or even Smith machine squat if the legs are placed out in front of you while you lean back into the bar to maintain an upright torso. Essentially, the goal is to perform a squat-like movement without having to support the load with your upper body as much as you do when performing a squat variant.

Leg press variants are placed in the bodybuilding programs strategically to reduce lower-back and hip fatigue and stress while still allowing a squat-like movement to be performed to train the legs.

Choose whichever variation you prefer that you can perform for a full range of motion pain-free. These can be replaced with squat variants, just be aware of the potential for increased lumbar and hip fatigue and stress.

Hip Hinge Variants

Like the leg press variants, hip hinge variants are used in the bodybuilding programs to strategically train a deadlift-like movement without having to support the load with your upper body as much as you do when you perform a deadlift variant. These exercises are slotted in to reduce lumbar and hip fatigue in the bodybuilding programs.

Hip hinge variants include movements such as a barbell hip thrusts or glute bridges. Cable or machine hinges can also be used just be aware of the limitation that AMRAP 1RM estimations will be less accurate when using them. A deadlift variant can be used in place of a hinge variant, just be aware of the potential risk of increased lumbar and hip fatigue and soreness.

Deadlift Variants

Deadlift variants in the bodybuilding programs refer to conventional, sumo, or Romanian deadlifts, or good mornings.

When selecting a deadlift variant, choose one with a low risk of injury, and make sure you perform it with proper, safe form, and don’t neglect the eccentric portion of the lift (it can be fast, but not completely uncontrolled how a powerlifter might perform it).

If you select a sumo stance deadlift, do not perform it ultra-wide if you only compete in bodybuilding, rather use a stance just slightly wider than your hand position. This can be a great position for a bodybuilder to perform a deadlift as it allows a straighter back, more upright torso, thereby reducing injury risk, while also mimicking the biomechanics of a conventional deadlift.

The advantage of selecting a Romanian deadlift or a good morning is that the eccentric will be automatically controlled, however, these movements take more kinesthetic awareness and time to master and perform properly with heavy loads.

If an injury prevents you from performing a barbell deadlift variant of any type, a hip hinge variant can be used in its place.

Single-Leg Squat Variants

Single-leg squat variants are primarily in place to ensure equal development across legs, and to ensure adequate coordination and even contribution of force when performing bipedal exercises such as squats or leg press to reduce the risk of injury.

Preferably, select a free weight (or bodyweight or assisted with bands version if you are not strong enough to add external load yet) movement such as Bulgarian split squats, lunges, or single-leg squats with a kettlebell or dumbbell on the floor or off a plyo box (also known as pistol squats).

You can select a machine based movement such as a single leg leg-press, but this will only help you ensure equal force production between legs, and not necessarily coordination and balance. Thus, the injury prevention effect will be reduced.

Isolation Exercises

Bicep curls, triceps extensions, leg extensions, leg curls and other single joint movements should be performed with a full range of motion and in a safe manner that is pain-free. Whether you use free weights, machines, cables or some other variation you would like to employ is entirely your choice, just ensure that you are able to perform it pain-free and with a full range of motion.

Flys can be performed with cables or dumbbells or machines and can be performed at incline or decline angles if preferred.

Standing calf raises don’t necessarily need to be standing, they just need to be straight legged (for example a calf raise on a leg press).

Face pulls, while not technically an isolation movement, should not be performed near to failure or with heavy loads and an emphasis should be placed on proper form and scapular retraction and external rotation of the shoulder.

Why There Are No Shrugs or Direct Abdominal Work In The Bodybuilding Programs

To be perfectly honest with you, I’ve never actually seen a bodybuilder improve their abs or their upper traps by adding in these exercises to an already well-balanced routine that includes deadlift and squat variants, overhead pressing, rowing, other compound free weight exercises.

I’ve seen bodybuilders who don’t have a well-balanced routine that includes these compounds exercises benefit from performing shrugs and direct ab work, but that is already starting with would be a suboptimal approach in the first place in my opinion.

I’ve also met many bodybuilders who claim that these exercises are critical to the development of their traps and abs, but invariably these bodybuilders are already performing forty-odd exercises, so how would they know what was doing what?

Most convincingly, I’ve seen bodybuilders remove shrugs and direct abdominal work from well-balanced plans that include a lot of compound exercises without any detriment to their traps or abs.

Now, all that said, when I work with bodybuilders who specifically have weak traps or abs, I do prescribe direct ab work and shrugs. That’s just common sense and even if it’s not successful, it’s worth the attempt. So, if you do happen to be someone with weak abdominal muscles (and not just someone who holds fat in their midsection) or upper- trap development, feel free to add a few sets of these exercises per week.


Swapping out accessory movements is also an option in any of these plans. To do so, just make sure that you have a rationale for your choices, and also make sure the substitutions are of similar movement patterns and train similar muscle groups. This is important in order to maintain the integrity of the programs as they are designed to take overlap into account.

An Important Note On Sample Training Programs

The idea behind presenting multiple sample programs in our book is that instead of readers seeing them as “the be all end all” that they just jump right into, they use them primarily as learning tools. The programs are the synthesis of the entire Training Pyramid, combining the concepts presented throughout the book into usable systems.

By examining the sample programs they are looking at only a few of the possible iterations of the concepts embodied in the text. Trainers will be able to use the sample programs to help them learn how to create customized programs for their clients, and athletes will use the programs to help them design a more individualized plan for themselves.

Questions welcomed in the comments. – Andy

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About the Author

Andy Morgan

Hi, I'm Andy, co-author of the highly-acclaimed 'Muscle and Strength Pyramid' books and founder of This site is my sincere effort to build the best nutrition and training guides on the internet. Some readers hire me to coach them, which I've been doing full-time, online, for the last seven years. If you're interested in individualized, one-on-one coaching to help you crush your physique goals, let's start the conversation. (You can read more about Andy here.)


  1. Josh says:

    Hi Andy,

    I really enjoyed reading this article and the Intermediate Powerlifting routine you posted, which routine would you say is optimal for Aesthetics? Also, is there a difference between the amount of muscle gained between both routines and if so is it minimal?

    Thank You,

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      The bodybuilding program optimizes for aesthetics and muscle size.

  2. Dandam says:

    Hi Andy,

    How would you make it to a 6days Push-Pull-Legs routine ?

    Thank you !

      1. Dandam says:

        Hi again Andy,

        What is the reason ?

        1. Andy Morgan says:

          I don’t see it as necessary to split this workload any further.

  3. Emmanuel Okafor says:

    Hey is there a way this could be made into a upper lower split ?

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      Sure – combine days four and five; halve the accessory work.

      1. Emmanuel Okafor says:

        By half you mean?

        1. Andy Morgan says:

          Yes. ‘Halve’ is the verb form of the noun, half.

          Example: I halved the cake so I could give the other half to my greedy little sister.

  4. Dylan Sevitt says:

    Hey Andy,
    I see there are a lot more pushing movements than pulling movements in your intermediate program, why is that?
    Secondly, I didn’t see much side delt work, is there no need to add lateral raises of some kind?

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      I see there are a lot more pushing movements than pulling movements in your intermediate program, why is that?
      – Technically, want a front/back balance (in terms of muscles trained), relative to their size and thus how they need to be trained, not a push/pull balance in terms of the exercises selected (that’s just a simpler way of thinking about it.

      The back can be trained without a horizontal or vertical pulling movement. The deadlifts, weighted back extensions, and face pulls are back work.

      Secondly, I didn’t see much side delt work, is there no need to add lateral raises of some kind?
      – Arguably not, though it wouldn’t hurt to add some side raises in if you feel it is necessary for you specifically.

  5. Moncef says:

    Hi Andy
    We don’t have Leg Curl machine in the gym, what can I do instead of it?

  6. Moncef says:

    Hey Andy,
    Can I add one exercise for Biceps, Triceps, and Lateral Deltoid with 3 sets*6 reps?
    Cause I feel like I need more workout on these muscles

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      You could, but isolation exercises are easier to progressively overload with higher rep ranges. Try 10-12 reps. If you’re after something more physique focussed though, do The Intermediate Bodybuilding Program instead.

  7. Casper says:

    Hi. What does the “Rep Total” means? Do I have to hit that exact number every week? And how should I understand that?

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      It’s the number of reps performed for the exercise on average. (Sets x average number of reps)

      If you take a look at the first exercise you’ll see:

      Squat Variant 3 sets, 3 to 5 reps, 12 total reps

      Some weeks you’ll do three reps, some four, some five. (Have a look at these progression rules.) We’ve just multiplied 3 by 4 reps so that it’s easy to count the total volume.

  8. Karim Kanji says:

    Hi Andy, i’ve been training for a couple of months now, about 3 months of intense training and 2 months of light training at the beginning when i was getting used to the gym and different methods of training. My question for you has to do with rest, my current training involves 1 muscle group everyday and then i rest on the weekend. Im wondering is that too intense for my body to properly reccuperate and heal… i want to achieve a high intensity training, but ofcourse i still want it to be afficent. I know its very difficult to help with such little info. But what would you recommend for the average body? 24/48 h rest between workouts, less, more??
    Thank you, your guides are amazing and help tons

    1. Andy Morgan says:

      Hi Andy, i’ve been training for a couple of months now,
      – Then you are reading the wrong article.

      i want to achieve a high intensity training
      – No, you want to lose fat, and get stronger and bigger in the most efficient manner possible. You’re a novice, so I’d suggest you try the novice program. You’ll see that each body part is hit twice a week as the current state of the evidence suggests that may lead to better outcomes than a full body part split. Don’t try to reinvent the wheel and don’t overcomplicate nor overthink things.

  9. Flaubert Filho says:

    Hi Andy!
    The my gym, don’t have chair to Weighted Back Extensions
    What is a good option to replace the?

  10. Sakke says:

    Hey Andy!,
    The program seems good.
    Only thing I’m concerned about is the lack of direct rear/side delt isolation movements (besides facepull). I am used to doing isolation work for rear/sides 2x per week.
    Can I add 2-3 sets of side laterals and incline rear delt flyes once a week for this program?


      1. Sakke says:

        I started running your novice BB program for lower body and intermediate BB program for upperbody.

        How should I deload with a hybrid version of these programs? I’m mainly thinking about this since your deload recommendations differ for novice and intermediate progression and I would not get full rest if I follow the guidelines in your progression article (linear periodization for upperbody and linear progression for lower body).

        Thanks 🙂

        1. Andy Morgan says:

          Use the progression system necessary for each individual lift to progress.

          1. Sakke says:

            Thanks for the answer!

            Should I incorporate full deload week for every movement every fourth week to dissolve residual fatigue?

            I’m asking this because the intermediate program is harder to recover from and I think not deloading the legs during the upper body deload could irritate nervous system and other recovery systems.

            1. Andy Morgan says:

              Try doing that only for the intermediate progression lifts at first. Then do so if you need to.

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