In bodybuilding, middle deltoid development is important to make you appear wider and tapered. Due to this, I often see emphasis placed on lateral raise variations and hear the concern that without their inclusion, delt development will lack.
While I don’t dispute the importance of lateral raises (you will even see them in our sample advanced hypertrophy program in the book), it should be noted that due to the delt’s biomechanics the middle delts contribute significantly to many compounds lifts.
To some degree, they are involved in any push or pull, but most notably during horizontal pulling 1 and vertical pushing 2; meaning, they get hit all the time. You only need to spend time isolating them if you are advanced, and they are a clear weak point.
So, given how often compound lifts cover your bases in terms of the muscles they train, a question among strength-focused lifters might be, is it ever appropriate to focus on just a few big lifts (i.e. just doing ‘the big 3’)?
Certainly, but that requires managing volume, intensity, and frequency so as to manage any potential fatigue. For example:
Each is just an example, but as you can see, a high-frequency protocol requires that you put more thought into overlap and fatigue management with heavy compound lifts.
If you have found this helpful, you might be pleased to know it is just a small section taken from our Muscle and Strength Training Pyramid book. The second edition, along with the Nutrition companion book, was released this January 2019.
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Thank you for reading. Questions welcomed in the comments.
– Eric, Andy, and Andrea